How does Hydrogen Plant produce Hydrogen?

Hydrogen is a tasteless, colorless, odorless, flammable gaseous substance that might be present in a generous amount on Earth but it is hard to be found in its pure form. So, to produce hydrogen, it has to be extracted from its compound.

To produce hydrogen gas, it needs to be extracted from its compound. It can be produced from a wide range of domestic resources that includes biomass, fossil fuels, and water electrolysis with electricity. What will be the impact of this on the environment and how efficient the energy of hydrogen completely depends on the way it is produced? There are several projects that use hydrogen production methods that require low cost.

The two most common methods used to produce hydrogen gas are water electrolysis ( splitting of water) and steam methane reforming.

Steam Methane Reforming (SMR)

SMR is the most widely-used method of producing hydrogen. Currently, it is the least expensive way to produce hydrogen and nearly all commercial production of hydrogen in the United States is produced through this process. Petroleum refineries and commercial hydrogen producers use SMR to separate hydrogen atoms from carbon atoms in methane. In the SMR process, high-temperature steam reacts with methane in the existence of a catalyst to fabricate carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and a very small amount of carbon dioxide.

The main methane source for the production of hydrogen by petroleum refineries and industrial facilities is natural gas. Petroleum and biogas fuels are potential methane sources. Several fuel cell power plants use biogas as the source of hydrogen.

Water Electrolysis

Hydrogen Plants that use the Water Electrolysis process splits hydrogen from water using an electric current.  When used on a large scale, the process is referred to as power-to-gas where electricity is power and hydrogen is gas. This process does not have any emissions other than oxygen and hydrogen. For the production of hydrogen through electrolysis, many industries use electricity that comes from renewable sources such as solar energy, wind, or hydro. And if the electricity used in electrolysis is fabricated from fossil fuels, then pollution and carbon dioxide emitted from those fuels are indirectly linked with electrolysis.

If you require hydrogen plants on any of the hydrogen production processes, get in touch with the MVS Engineering team. The company has been a turnkey supplier of on-site generators since 1977 and has fulfilled the requirements of several industrialists around the world. For more information, log on to www.mvsengg.com.

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